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Monday, October 21, 2019

Saint-Petersburg is famous for its religious architecture. There are more than 200 churches and cathedrals in the city. Each has historical background and recommended to visit. During this excursion you will visit tree main cathedrals of St.Petersburg and learn about its history. 

St.Isaac’s Cathedral, Kazan Cathedral and Savior-on-the-Blood are tree of biggest cathedrals in Saint-Petersburg. They are functioning and open for public.

 

 Исаакиевский соборSt.Isaac’s Cathedral locates in the city center near Admiralty. Cathedral was built between 1818 and 1858 as the cathedral of Russian Orthodox Church by young French architect Montferrand. The temple became the city's main cathedral where the grand celebrations, impressive divine services and christenings of the members of the royal family were held.

St. Isaac's Cathedral is the forth largest domed cathedral in the world, after the Cathedral of St. Peter in Rome, the Cathedral of St. Paul in London and the Cathedral of St. Maria in Florence.  St. Isaac's Cathedral  is 101 meters height, on the top of church the colonnade is placed. The visitors are invited to climb the colonnade of the cathedral and enjoy the view of the center of Saint Petersburg and Finsky Gulf from the 43-meter height.   The interior decor of the cathedral features an abundant use of paintings, mosaic works and sculptures made by well-known Russian artists and sculptors, such as Bryullov, Klodt, Pimenov and others.

Under the Soviets St. Isaac cathedral housed the Museum of Atheism and the Исаакиевский соборbuilding got a status of an architectural monument. During World War II cathedral had no serious damage but still nowadays one can see the marks of splinters on the columns of the cathedral.  Today St. Isaac's Cathedral is one of the best Russian cathedrals and one of the most popular museums in Saint Petersburg.

 

 


 Казанский соборKazan Cathedral is situated on Nevsy Prospect. It has name after the miracle-working icon of Our Lady of Kazan. Building of the Cathedral started in 1801 and according to the wish of Paul I it should remind the St.Peter’s Cathedral in Rome. Appointed architect for this work was Voronikhin.

The Cathedral of Our Lady of Kazan was planned in the shape of the Latin cross. In keeping with the church canons, the altar of the cathedral was to face eastwards, hence the main entrance and the facade faced westwards. Thus the main street of the city, Nevsky Prospect, was to front the side facade of the cathedral, and not the main one. Voronikhin solved the problem by supplying the cathedral with a grand semicircular colonnade facing onto Nevsky Prospect. The wings of the colonnade that form a square in front of the cathedral have monumental portals at the ends, simultaneously serving as passageways. VorКазанский соборonikhin intended to put up a similar colonnade facing south but he hadn’t chance because of Patriotic War. The construction of Kazan Cathedral was finished by 1811.

During the Patriotic war the temple was turned into the treasury of the victory relics and became a sort of museum of Russian war glory. In 1813 in the Cathedral field-marshal Kutuzov was buried and the memorial significance of the cathedral increased considerably. After the Revolution of 1917 the Soviet Government took the Cathedral from Russian Orthodox Church and adjusted the unique building to the Museum of the History of Religion and Atheism that was opened to the public in 1932.

In 1990 after more than a 70-years break the divine service was held in the Cathedral of Our Lady of Kazan.

 



Спас-на-КровиCathedral of Our Savior on the Spilled Blood is one of the most beautiful cathedrals in St.Petersburg. It was erected on the place where Russian Emperor Alexander II was murdered in 1881. The tsar was mortally wounded by the terrorists from the People's Will revolutionist organization. Soon after that it was decided to construct the cathedral to commemorate the tsar-liberator. The architect for this project was Alfred Parland. He worked together with the archimandrite of the Troitse-Sergiev Lavra, Ignatiy.

 

Спас-на-КровиThe cathedral was constructed in the style of the 16th-17th century Russian architecture and has a lot in common with the Church of St. Basil the Blessed that stands on the Red Square in Moscow. The rich mosaics that cover the walls of the cathedral both inside and outside are of a great value. The mosaic panels were made in Frolov's workshop to the originals by outstanding Russian artists. On the socle of the cathedral, there are 20 granite desks, dedicated to the major events and reforms of the ruling of Alexander II. The cathedral comprises the place, where the tsar was murdered. One can see the preserved fragments of railings and the pavement and some cobblestones of the carriageway where the Emperor fell bleeding profusely.

 The Savior-on-the-Blood was greatly damaged under the Soviets. It was used as storehouse. During the Great Patriotic War here was a morgue.  The Cathedral was under the reconstruction for 40 years till 1997. In 1997 it was opened for public as museum. In 2004  the divine service was held in Cathedral. 

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